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RAF Protector Remotely Piloted Air System

RAF Protector Remotely Piloted Air System

The Royal Air Force currently operate ten MQ-9A Reaper remotely piloted medium-altitude, long endurance (MALE) aircraft which are designed for Intelligence, Surveillance, Target Acquisition and Reconnaissance (ISTAR), and attack missions. These aircraft are operated by 39 Sqn RAF and 13 Sqn RAF, from Creech AFB, USA and RAF Waddington in the UK.

It was announced in July 2020 that the MQ-9A Reaper would be replaced by an initial sixteen MQ-9B Protector remotely piloted aircraft which is to start entering service by mid-2024 after a successful development phase and be operated by 31 Squadron (a former Tornado GR4 Squadron) at RAF Waddington. 39 Sqn and 13 Sqn will later convert from Reaper to Protector squadrons.

The UK has ordered the first three Protector RG Mk 1 systems (three aircraft, three ground control stations and supporting equipment) as the first phase of the acquisition, with the additional 13 aircraft, four ground control stations and support equipment expected later.

The Protector has a maximum operating altitude of 45,000ft (compared with 50,000ft for the Reaper), a maximum endurance of more than 40 hours (compared with 27 hours for the Reaper), a maximum air speed of 200kt (compared with 240kt for the Reaper) and can operate in busy unsegregated civilian airspace. It also has nine external stories stations, compared with five for the Reaper.

Equipment for Predator includes multispectral targeting systems and AN/APY-8 Lynx IIe Block 20A synthetic aperture radar and ground moving target indicators (SAR/GMTI), as well as enhanced datalinks. Munitions comprise MBDA Brimstone 3 missiles and Raytheon Paveway IV laser-guided bombs.

Protector is the world's first certified Remotely Piloted Air System, which enables it to fly in busy, unsegregated airspace, including civilian airspace, thanks to its ground-breaking 'sense and avoid' technology. This will permit Protector to fly in all UK airspace safely and is certified against stringent NATO and UK Safety Certification standards equivalent to manned aircraft. The Royal Air Force is to fully integrate Protector operations into RAF Waddington where it will operate alongside the based fixed wing aircraft.

SkyGuardian RPA to operate from RAF Waddington & RAF Lossiemouth from August 2021

It was announced in February 2021 that a SkyGuardian aircraft (N190TC), a pre-production example of the new Protector Remotely Piloted Aircraft System, will arrive and then operate from RAF Waddington in July 2021 (It will now be August 2021).

This aircraft will assist in the development of the revolutionary 'Detect and Avoid' technology which will permit Protector to fly in all UK airspace safely. It will also allow the Royal Air Force to refine the requirements needed to fully integrate Protector operations into RAF Waddington.

It will be operated by the manufacturer, 'General Atomics-Aeronautical Systems' and will participate in exercise 'Joint Warrior', a multi-national large-scale military exercise in addition to undertaking a series of capability demonstrations to partners and allies.

The CAA has approved SkyGuardian operating from RAF Waddington and RAF Lossiemouth this summer (2021).

The first activity is expected to commence 20th August 2021 at RAF Waddington and then from RAF Lossiemouth around 10th September 2021 until the middle of October.

During the period between 20 August 2021 and 15 October 2021, a General Atomics built SkyGuardian Remotely Pilot Aircraft System (RPAS), registered N190TC, will conduct an extensive flying program in the United Kingdom. The RPAS will be based out of RAF Waddington, England and RAF Lossiemouth, Scotland (for Exercise Joint Warrior) during the dates above.

See press Release.

SkyGuardian N190TC - Starting from Wed 25th August 2021:

The SkyGuardian will be operating Beyond Visual Line of Sight and is fitted with a Detect and Avoid capability, which has been approved for use above FL 100. Operations below FL 100 will take place within a TDA (Temporary Danger Area).
Flight OPS Area Alpha (Red) - Waddington & EG D323
Flight OPS Area Bravo One (Yellow) - Waddington & EG D201, D202, D203
Flight OPS Area Bravo Two (Green) - Waddington & EG D201, D202, D203
Flight OPS Area Charlie (Blue) - Waddington & EG D003, D004, D009A and D008B&C
Flight OPS Area Delta One (Brown) - Waddington/Leeuwarden
Flight OPS Area Delta Two (Grey) - Waddington/Leeuwarden
Flight OPS Area Echo One (Black) - Waddington/Lossiemouth
Flight OPS Area Echo Two (Orange) - Lossiemouth
Flight OPS Area Foxtrot (Purple) - Lossiemouth & EG D701

Temporary Danger Areas Used (see map below):
EG D323 - North Sea
EG D201 - Aberporth, Wales (over sea)
EG D202 - West Wales
EG D203 - Sennybridge, Wales
EG D003 - Plymouth (over sea)
EG D004 - Plymouth (over sea)
EG D009A - Wembury, Plymouth (over sea)
EG D008B&C - South of Plymouth (over sea)
EG D701 - Hebrides, Scotland

Track on ADS-B Exchange (if currently flying).

Map of relevant Temporary Danger Areas.
SkyGuardian N190TC (Waddington) on ADS-B Exchange Tracker - Wed 25th August 2021:

SkyGuardian N190TC (Lossiemouth) on ADS-B Exchange Tracker - Tue 14th August 2021:

On 2nd September 2021, the SkyGuardian flew from RAF Waddington to Leeuwarden Air Base in the Netherlands (Area Delta 2 (Grey)) to display its maritime surveillance capabilities during a two-day series of flights. The Royal Netherlands Air Force has ordered four MQ-9A remotely piloted aircraft (RPA) with the first expected to be delivered later in the year.

The SkyGuardian RPA is expected to take part in the UK-led Joint Warrior exercise this Autumn and will be integrated with other land, sea & air platforms.

Naval News.

RAF Protector at RAF Waddington

RAF Reaper specification:

Powerplant: one 900shp Honeywell TPE331-10 turboprop
Length: 36ft (10.97m)
Height: 12ft (3.66m)
Wingspan: 69ft 3½in (21.12m)
Maximum take-off weight: 10,500lb (4,760kg)
Maximum speed: 250kt (463km/h)
Endurance (clean): 20 hours
Endurance (with weapons): more than 12 hours
Service ceiling (clean): more than 50,000ft
Service ceiling (with weapons): more than 30,000ft
External stations: Five
Armament: two 500lb GBU-12 laser-guided bombs and four AGM-114 Hellfire missiles
RAF Protector specification:

Powerplant: one Honeywell TPE331-10 Turboprop
Length: 38ft (11.7m)
Height: 12ft (3.8m)
Wingspan: 79ft (24m)
Maximum take-off weight: 12,500lb (5,670kg)
Maximum speed: 200kt (370km/h)
Endurance (clean): 40 hours
Endurance (with weapons): unknown
Service ceiling (clean): more than 45,000ft
Service ceiling (with weapons): unknown
External stations: Nine
Armament: Raytheon Paveway IV laser-guided bombs and MBDA Brimstone 3 missiles
'Sense and avoid' technology
A look at the RAF Protector UAV:

RAF Protector News:

£195m contract signed for 13 additional RAF Protectors (22.7.21).

New Protector aircraft example to operate from RAF Waddington this summer (3.2.21).

MOD Signs £65m Contract For Protector Aircraft (15.7.20).

Aircraft Trackers (search for N190TC):

RAF Waddington Page.

Ministry of Defence Video: